Ref Training Program - The Rules (Articles 25-27)

VI.   The Rules (Articles 25-27)

A.  Article 25 - Default and Withdrawal

1.  IJF Rule
The decision of Fusen-gachi shall be given to any contestant whose opponent does not appear for his contest according to the 30 seconds rules.
Forfeit of a contest: If one contestant is ready on time and the Referee Commission see that his opponent is not present they will ask the speaker to announce “the last call for missing athlete” (there will no longer be three calls at one minute intervals).
The Referee will then invite the prepared contestant to wait at the edge of the competition area. The scoreboard will start to count down 30 seconds. If at the end of 30 seconds the opponent is still not present the mat Referee will invite the athlete to enter the competition area and will be declared the winner by Fusen-gachi.
The athlete forfeiting a match may participate in the repechage provided the IJF jury find that certain criteria are fulfilled.
The Referee must be sure before awarding Fusen-gachi that they have received authority to do so by the Referee Commission.
The decision of Kiken-gachi shall be given to any contestant whose opponent withdraws from the competition for any reason, during the contest.
APPENDIX Article 25 – Default and Withdrawal
Soft contact lens: - In the event that a contestant loses his contact lens during the contest and cannot immediately recover them, and if he then informs the Referee that he cannot continue competing without the contact lens, the Referee shall give the victory to his opponent by Kiken-gachi after consulting with the table judges.

2.  U.S. Modifications and/or Comments
– At IJF events, the decision of Fusen-gachi shall be given as above.  However, at most regional and local events in the U.S., the organization and procedures used to bring the players to the mat are not as formal as at IJF events and therefore, to be fair to the athletes, the older method of 3 calls at 1 minute intervals is usually still used.  The Referees must be sure to obtain authority from the Refereeing Commission (Jury/Chief Referee at local and regional events) before awarding Fusen-gachi.

BArticle 26 - Injury, Illness or Accident

1.  IJF Rule
In this article the person in the role of the Doctor is defined in Appendix E, section E1.1.
The decision of the contest where one contestant is unable to continue because of injury, illness or accident during the contest shall be given by the Referee after consultation with the other Referees according to the following clauses:
a) Injury
(1) Where the cause of the injury is attributed to the injured contestant he shall lose the contest.
(2) Where the cause of the injury is attributed to the uninjured contestant the uninjured contestant shall lose the contest.
(3) When it is impossible to determine which of the contestants was the cause of the injury, the contestant unable to continue shall lose the contest.
b) Sickness
Generally, where one contestant is taken sick during a contest and is unable to continue, he shall lose the contest.
c) Accident
Where an accident occurs which is due to an outside influence (force majeure), after consulting with the Referee Commission, the contest shall be considered cancelled or postponed. In those cases of “force majeure”, the Sports Director, the Sports Commission and/or the IJF Jury will take the final decision.
Medical Examinations
a) The Referee shall call the Doctor to attend to a contestant who has received a severe impact to the head or back (spinal column), or whenever the Referee has reason to believe there may be a grave or serious injury. In either case, the Doctor will examine the contestant in the shortest time possible and indicate to the Referee whether the contestant can continue or not.
If the Doctor, after examining an injured contestant, advises the Referees that the contestant cannot continue the contest, the Referee, after consultation with the other Referees, shall end the contest and declare the opponent to be the winner by Kiken-gachi.
b) The contestant may ask the Referee to call for the Doctor, but in this case the contest is terminated, and his opponent shall win by Kiken-gachi.
c) The Doctor may also ask to attend to his contestant, but in this this case the contest is terminated, and his opponent shall win by Kiken-gachi.
In any case whenever the Referees are of the opinion that the contest should not continue, the central Referee shall end the contest and indicate the result in accordance with the rules.
Bleeding Injuries
When a bleeding injury occurs, the Referee shall call the Doctor to assist in stopping and isolating the bleeding.  The athlete is not allowed to compete while bleeding.
However, the same bleeding injury may be treated by the Doctor on two (2) occasions. The third (3rd) time that the same bleeding injury occurs, the Referee, after previous consultation with the other Referees, shall end the contest for the contestant’s own safety and he shall declare the opponent to be the winner by Kiken-gachi. In any case where the bleeding cannot be contained and isolated, the opponent shall be winner by Kiken-gachi.
Minor Injuries
A minor injury may be treated by the contestant himself. For example in the case of a dislocated finger, the Referee shall stop the contest (by calling Mate or Sono-mama) and allow the contestant to reset the dislocated finger. This action should be done immediately with no assistance from the Referee or the Doctor and the contestant can continue in the contest.
The contestant will be allowed to reset the same finger on two (2) occasions. If the same dislocation occurs a third (3rd) time, the contestant shall not be considered to be in condition to continue in the contest. The Referee, after previous consultation with the Judges, shall end the contest and declare the opponent to be the winner by Kiken-gachi
The doctors of the organizing committee or the accredited doctors of the teams intervene upon request of the referees.
The doctors of the organizing committee or teams' doctors must be able to intervene on the field of play, at their own request, when deemed necessary, in case of danger to the athlete(s) health i.e. a bad landing on the head or a strangulation. For justifying this exceptional request, they should stand at the edge of the competetion surface showing two arms in cross in the height of the chest to inform the referee that they wish to make an emergency intervention.  The referee nust allow the doctor to enter the tatami while stopping the contest.
Three cases are possible:
* The team doctor/local organization doctor announces that the athlete cannot continue because their health is in danger.  The opponent will be declared winner by fusen gachi
* The team doctor/local organization doctor announces that the athlete can continue without danger to their health, and if agreed by the IJF Jury the contest continues.
* If the intervention of the team's doctor is not justified by the IJF Jury and Medical Commission delegate, a final decision will be made about the continuation of the contest and will make an official report.  Refer to SOR Appendex F.

APPENDIX Article 26 – Injury, Illness or Accident
If during the contest a contestant is injured due to an action by the opponent and the injured contestant cannot continue, the Referee should analyze the case and make a decision based on the rules. Each case shall be decided on its own merit. (See paragraph: a) Injury 1, 2 and 3).
Generally only one (1) Doctor for each contestant is allowed on the competition area. Should a Doctor require an assistant(s), the Referee must first be informed. The coach is never allowed on the competition area. The Referee shall draw near to the injured contestant to ensure that the assistance provided by the Doctor is within the Rules.
However the Referee may consult with the Judges in case he needs to comment on any decision.
Medical Assistance
The medical assistance in the following cases should be outside of the competition area, close to the table of Judges and the injured contestant must be accompanied by one of the judges.
a) In a minor injury
In the case of a broken nail, the Doctor is allowed to assist in cutting the nail. The Doctor may also help in adjusting a Scrotum injury (testicles).
b) In a bleeding injury
For safety measures whenever there is blood it must always be completely isolated with the assistance of the Doctor by means of adhesive tape, bandages, nasal tampons, (the use of blood clotters and hemostatic products is permitted). When the Doctor is called to assist a contestant, such medical assistance should be given as quickly as possible.
Note: With the exception of the above situations, if the Doctor applies any treatment the opponent shall win by Kiken-gachi.
Types of Vomiting
Any type of vomiting by a contestant shall result in Kiken-gachi for the other contestant. (See paragraph: b) Sickness).
In the case where a contestant through a deliberate action causes an injury to the opponent, the penalty given to the contestant inflicting the injury on the opponent shall be a direct Hansoku-make, apart from any other disciplinary action that may be taken by the Sports Director, the Sport Commission and/or the IJF Jury.
When a Doctor clearly realizes – especially in the case of Shime-waza – that there is a serious danger to the health of one of the contestants that he is responsible for, he can go to the edge of the competition area and call upon the Referees to immediately stop the contest. The Referee shall take all necessary steps to assist the Doctor. Such an intervention will necessarily mean the loss of the contest for his contestant and should therefore only be taken in extreme cases.
If a Cadet loses consciousness during Shime-waza they are no longer able to continue in the competition.
At the IJF Championships, the official team Doctor shall have a medical degree and must register prior to the competition. He shall be the only person allowed to sit in the designated area and must be so identified, e.g. by wearing a Red Cross arm-band or waistcoat.
When accrediting a Doctor for their team, the National Federations must take the responsibility for the actions of their Doctors. The Doctors must be aware of any amendments and the interpretations of the Rules.  
If an injured athlete needs prolonged medical treatment on the tatami, the referee will declare the non-injured opponent as the winner who will then leave the competition area.  The referee must stay on the tatami observing treatment or emergency procedures until the injured athlete is transported safely from the competition area.  If necessary, the medical team should screen the injured athlete off from view of the public.  The referee should be the last person to leave the tatami.  If the treatment of the injured athlete is extended onto the safety area of a neighbouring competition area, the Sport Director will stop any contests on affected tatami until it is safe to continue.

2.  U.S. Modifications and/or Comments
If a contestant in the Cadet Division (or younger) loses consciousness during Shime-waza, they are no longer able to continue in the competition.

C.  Article 27 - Situations not Covered by the Rules

1.  IJF Rule
Where any situation arises which is not covered by these rules, shall be dealt with and a decision given by the Referees after consultation with the Referee Commission.

2.  U.S. Modifications and/or Discussion
At U.S. local and regional events, this would be the Chief Referee and Jury, if one has been appointed.

 

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