Referee Program Description




Quality refereeing is extremely important to the growth of Judo, the development of individual Judoka, and the acceptance of our sport by the public. Referees have the responsibility to insure competitive judo is conducted according to the rules of competition, providing a relatively safe and fair environment for Judoka to test their skills against their opponents. Referees (and judges) are part of a team of tournament officials (which also includes timers, scorers, recorders, medics, etc.) who provide the structure for all competition.

Referees should be fair, unbiased, consistent, know the rules, and do the best job they can in each and every match, employing their full attention and maximum ability at all times while on the mat. Good referees try to learn from each new experience encountered while officiating.

The purpose of the OJI Referee Certification Program is to provide a framework which will provide standards, clinics, critiques, testing, and certification of referees in order to improve the quality of our referees. The program should encourage new people to become officials as well as provide an atmosphere and procedure for currently active officials to improve. This program is intended to feed qualified Ohio referees into the national referee testing program.

APPROACH (Procedure)

All certification testing is to be done by National ("N") or higher Referees. The procedures outlined in this document are to be followed for certification testing and the results are to be sent to the OJI Referee Certification Committee Chairman for processing and issuance of all applicable certificates.

Special Referee Clinics shall be held to prepare candidates for testing which may be done at such clinics or at designated tournaments. Feedback should be given to all candidates who are evaluated.

There are four independent sections of the test and each section must be passed in order to be certified.

Section 1 is a written test (50 questions).

Section 2 is a demonstration score which is obtained by evaluating a minimum of 12 matches as referee and 12 matches as judge, subtracting 2 points for each minor error, 5 points for each procedural error, and 10 points for each major error. Minor errors are those which have no influence on the outcome of the match (e.g. hand signals not held long enough, positioning/distance/posture/etc and other appearance type mistakes). Procedural errors may confuse the match but generally do not change the outcome of the match (e.g. giving the wrong signals, not calling matte/sore made/etc correctly, changing calls incorrectly, etc). Major errors are those which have significant probability of changing the outcome of a match (e.g. calling matte at the wrong time, calling incorrect scores [off by 2 levels or consistently off by 1 level], etc.).

If there are not enough matches to provide each candidate with the 24 evaluation matches a normalized score may be calculated and used to suffice this section of the test as long as the candidate has been observed in at least 6 matches as referee and 6 matches as judge and had been evaluated informally at a previous shiai. For example, if a candidate had been observed previously and at a testing event was provided an opportunity to referee only 9 matches and judge only 9 matches, his evaluation could be handled as follows: Suppose in 9 matches as referee 15 points were deducted for various errors and in the 9 matches as judge 6 points were deducted. This score would be normalized by multiplying the deduction points by the ratio of matches actually evaluated to the required 12 for refereeing and 12 for judging. (Normalized Score = 100-[15(12/9)+6(12/9)]=72).

Section 3 consists of evaluating specific criteria for referees during their testing matches and obtaining a typical score in each category, then averaging all category scores into one overall average score.

Section 4 is an overall subjective evaluation by the examiner(s) as to whether or not the candidate meets the standards for that certification level according to the criteria listed in the summary table.

Testing fees ($10)shall be collected and forwarded to the OJI with the testing report.

NOTE: If a candidate fails one section of the exam (written or demo)) he/she will be able to retake that portion only (without additional fees during the following 3 months) if arrangements can be made with the examining official(s). Otherwise the entire test must be retaken and all fees repaid.

The testing official(s) shall make a written report to the Chairman of the OJI RCC, who will in turn file such report with the OJI Standards & Certification Program Director. The report shall include a list of candidates, summary of results, a copy of each candidate's written test, and all evaluation forms. A copy of all documentation concerning out-of-state candidates who pass the OJI test will be sent to that candidate's State Governing Body for their review and action. A certificate will still be given by OJI.

Certification will be valid for a period of 2 years. Before the end of the two year period recertification should be accomplished. Recertification requirements shall be the same as the original certification requirements for that level.


Summary                        Local    Regional 3   Regional 2   Regional 1

Certification prerequisite      None      None         R-3          R-2

Evaluation SHIAI (minimum)   Interclub   Interclub     State       Regional

Testing officials required      1 N-1     1 N-1        1 N-1        2 N-1's
                              or higher  or higher    or higher    or higher

Recertification                2 years    2 years      2 years      2 years

Written Score                    70%        75%          80%          85%

Demo Score                       60%        70%          75%          80%

Evaluation average (0-5)         2.5        2.9          3.2          3.5

Overall evaluation                Y          Y            Y            Y

NOTE: Performance Criteria for Overall Evaluation (Y/N)

LOCAL - Reasonably controls the match, knows the terminology, knows the signals, has a fair understanding of the scores and penalties. Occasionally may make a major error. Sometimes makes minor errors and procedure errors.

REGIONAL-3 - Fully controls matches, has reasonably good understanding of scores, penalties, and procedures. Does not make major errors. Occasionally makes minor errors and procedural errors.

REGIONAL-2 - Fully controls matches, has good understanding of scores, penalties, and procedures. Usually handles difficult situations correctly. Does not make major errors and seldom makes procedural errors. Occasionally makes minor errors.

REGIONAL-1 - Has a very good understanding of scores, penalties, procedures, and the application of matte. Projects image of total confidence/competence, procedurally strong, sharp. Almost ready for national referee certification.

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