Ref Training Program - The 2018 Rules (Articles 14-17)

IV.   The Rules (Articles 14-17)

Article 14 – Ippon

Evaluation of the points in tachi-waza.
The four criteria for ippon are speed, force, on the back and skilfully controlled until the end of the landing.

1. Ippon will be given when the contestant throws his opponent on the back, applying a technique or countering his opponent’s attacking technique, with considerable ability with maximum efficiency (*).

* “ikioi” = momentum with both force and speed and “hazumi” = skilfulness with impetus, sharpness or rhythm.

Rolling can be considered ippon only if there is no break during landing. The difference of the rolling makes the evaluation of the points. It is Ippon when uke rolls on his back.

2. All situations in which one of the contestants deliberately makes a “bridge” (head and one foot or both feet in contact with the tatami) after having been thrown will be considered ippon.

                               

This decision is taken for the safety of the contestants, so they do not try to escape from the technique and endanger their cervical spine. Also, an attempt of a bridge (arching the body) should be counted as a “bridge”.

No score or penalty will be given if the landing of uke occurs on the body of tori, in such a way that not all parts of uke’s body involving the bridge situation (head, foot or feet) touch the tatami.

Evaluation of the points in ne-waza

a) When a contestant holds with osaekomi-waza the other contestant, who is unable to get away for 20 seconds after the announcement of osaekomi.

b) When a contestant gives up by tapping twice (2) or more with his hand or foot or says maitta (I give up!) generally as a result of osaekomi-waza, shime-waza or kansetsu-waza.

c) When a contestant is incapacitated by the effect of a shime-waza or kansetsuwaza.

Should one contestant be penalised with hansoku-make, the other contestant shall immediately be declared the winner with a score equivalent to ippon.

Special situations

a) Simultaneous techniques - when both contestants fall to the tatami after what appears to be simultaneous attacks and the referees cannot decide which technique dominated there should be no score awarded.

b) In the case where both contestants score simultaneous ippon the referee will act as regulated in article 13 paragraph 5.b.


Article 15 - Waza-ari

Evaluation of the points in tachi-waza. The referee shall announce waza-ari when in his opinion the applied technique corresponds to the following criteria:
• When the four ippon criteria are not fully achieved.

These landings are considered to be waza-ari.

• In order not to give a bad example for young judokas, landing on both elbows or two hands or one elbow and one hand is considered valid and should be evaluated with waza-ari.

• Landing only on one elbow cannot be used for assessment.
• Landing on the side of the upper body should be evaluated with waza-ari.
• Landing on one elbow, on the bottom or the knee with immediately continuation on the back will be waza-ari.
• Rolling can be considered waza-ari if there is a break during landing. The difference of the rolling makes the evaluation of the points it is waza-ari when uke rolls on his side or hips.
• Two waza-ari are the equivalent of one ippon (waza-ari-awasete-ippon) and the contest will be finished (Article 16).

These landings are not considered to be waza-ari.

Evaluation of the points in osaekomi-waza.
a) When a contestant holds with osaekomi-waza the other contestant who is unable to get away for 10 seconds or more, but less than 20 seconds. 


Article 16 - Waza-ari-awasete-ippon

Should one contestant gain a second waza-ari in the contest, the referee shall announce waza-ari-awasete-ippon.

Article 17 - Osaekomi-waza

Evaluation of ippon in osaekomi-waza is given when a contestant holds the other contestant who is unable to get away for 20 seconds, waza-ari is given for 10 seconds or more but less than 20 seconds.

The referee shall announce osaekomi for an applied technique when the contestant being held is controlled from every direction (from the side, rear or on top) by his opponent and must have his full back or complete upper back (scapular region) in contact with the tatami. The contestant applying the hold must not have his leg(s) or body controlled by his opponent’s legs. The contestant applying osaekomi must have his body on and over opponent’s body in covering it to holds opponent down underneath his body, with applying pressure onto opponent’s front upper body with his front upper body in either the kesa, the shiho or ura position, i.e. similar to the techniques kesa-kami-shiho-ura-gatame and sankaku-waza.

Should a contestant who is controlling his opponent with an osaekomi-waza, changed without losing control, into another osaekomi-waza, the osaekomi time will continue until the announcement of ippon (or equivalence), toketa or mate.

When osaekomi is being applied and tori commits an infringement meriting a penalty (shido):

If the osaekomi time is less than 10 seconds, the referee shall announce mate, return the contestants to their standing positions, award the penalty then recommence the contest by announcing hajime.

If the osaekomi time is 10 seconds or more, but less than 20 seconds, the referee shall announce mate, return the contestants to their standing positions, award the contestant who was in an advantageous position with the penalty (shido) and the score (waza-ari); then recommence the contest by announcing hajime.

However, should the penalty to be awarded be hansoku-make, the referee shall, after announcing sono-mama, consult with the judges, announce mate to return the contestants to their starting positions, then award hansoku-make and end the contest by announcing sore-made.

When osaekomi is being applied and uke commits an infringement meriting a penalty, the referee shall announce sono-mama, award the penalty, then recommence the contest by touching both contestants and announcing yoshi.

When the situation permits and in order not to interrupt the positive action of tori, the referee will award directly the penalty pointing uke without interrupting the contest with sono-mama.

However, should the penalty to be awarded be hansoku-make, the referee shall, after announcing sono-mama, consult with the judges, announce mate to return the contestants to their starting positions, then award hansoku-make and end the contest by announcing sore-made.

If both table judges agree that an osaekomi exists, but the referee has not announced osaekomi, they shall inform the referee and by the “majority of three” rule, the referee shall announce osaekomi immediately.

Toketa should be announced if, during osaekomi, uke succeeds in “trapping” the leg(s) of tori, either from above or from below the leg.

   

  [NOTE: In cases where the “scissoring” is from below the leg (a reverse scissors) Osaekomi must not be announced; however if Osaekomi is in progress and then the leg is entwined with a “reverse scissors”, time should be given before announcing Toketa to give Uke the opportunity to extract their leg since this position is much weaker and Uke quite often does not have control of Tori’s leg which is required for Toketa. (reference: 2016 IJF Seminar in Tokyo)]

The referee should pay attention to the following situations where osaekomi is still valid and toketa must not be announced.

In situations where the back of the contestant being held is no longer in contact with the tatami, (e.g. “bridging”), but the contestant applying the hold maintains control, the osaekomi shall continue. 

If uke escapes from osaekomi outside the contest area the referee must call mate not toketa-mate.

This kind of osaekomi-waza are not valid.

                          

 

 

2.  U.S. Modifications and/or Comments

example videos - 2016 Olympics M90kg - FRA-SWE 

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Summary: In the case of a Kaeshiwaza situation (attack and counter-attack), the first competitor landing will be considered as thrown. If an appropriate score can be given, the referee will award a score. If the landing is unclear or a simultaneous landing, no Score will be awarded. Any actions taking place after landing will not be considered a Score, but will be considered as newaza.
 • In a case of attack and counter-attack the first competitor landing will be considered as thrown. If a score can be given, it will be assigned. This assumes that the Initial attack results in throwing the opponent first as you are NOT able to successfully counter-attack and score if you are already being thrown. You cannot throw and score after you've been thrown first.
• In case if the two athletes land together, no score will be given. Assuming that there is no clear control by either athlete.
• If an action is led by a competitor after the landing (Kaeshi-Waza), this action will not be counted. You cannot throw and score after you've been thrown first.
• Any action after landing will be considered as a Ne-Waza action. Again, you cannot throw and score after you've been thrown first.

 

Click HERE for video examples from the 2016 Ref/Coach Seminar in Tokyo - Tachi-waza scores - Ippon, Waza-ari
Click HERE for video examples from the 2016 Ref/Coach Seminar in Tokyo - Score vs. No Score
Click HERE for video examples from the 2016 Ref/Coach Seminar in Tokyo - White or Blue
Click HERE for video examples from the 2016 Ref/Coach Seminar in Tokyo - Score vs. No Control
 

 

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